Reading is an important activity that shapes the development of a child. The parent should always encourage reading habits in children.
The first step is to ensure that the child takes an interest in reading. There are many ways to make a child interested in reading. The parents could teach the children how to handle and take care of books. Parents could take old newspapers and magazines and circle letters that the children have learnt in school and are familiar with. Parents would also do well to hang an alphabet chart. Similarly, always associate letter sounds with what they see around.
One good exercise that would familiarize children with letters is writing on sand, and paper.
Once the child is interested in the world of letters, he or she will be naturally inclined to the world of reading. Parents should encourage reading habits y providing children with age appropriate books, and reading exciting stories to them.